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» Slavery and Freedom in Maryland
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» Industrial Slavery - The Baltimore Iron Works
» Runaway Ads Posted by Charles Carroll
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» Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
In at least two documented instances, one in 1754 and another ten years later in 1764, those group escapes included enslaved African Americans. Below are the transcriptions of the runaway ads:

Pennsylvania Gazette September 12, 1754
Ran away from the Baltimore Iron Works in Maryland Four white servant men and a Negroe man belonging to Charles Carroll Esq and company

On the 6th of this instant, Caesar, a New Negro man about 25 years of age, very tall and can speak but very few words of English: Had on when he went away, A striped wollelen shirt, a pair of sailor trousers very much tarr, old red jacket, old worsted cap, and old felt hat; he took with him two old blankets, the one striped, the other country made.

Whoever secures said white servants, so that they may be had again shall have for each or either of them if taken under ten miles from home Twenty Shillings, if twenty miles from home, Forty Schillings if forty miles from home. Three pounds and if out of the province Four Pistoles* and reasonable charges if brought home. And for the abovementioned Negroe, it taken under ten miles from home, fifteen schillings, if twenty miles, Thirty schillings, and if out of the Province Two Pistoles* and reasonable charges if brought home RICHARD CROXALL
*Spanish currency

Pennsylvania Gazette March 8, 1764
Baltimore, February 24, 1764
Runaway last Night from Baltimore Iron Works, on Patapsco, in Maryland, two Convict Servant Men and a Mulatto Slave….. Ben, a country born Mulattoe Slave, 19 Years of Age, a lusty well set Felloe, about 5 feet 8 Inches high; he is a very white Mulattoe, much freckled, has some Marks in his Face, occasioned by fighting lately, has also a Wound on one of his Ankles, lately cut with an Axe; Had on, when he went away, an old castor Hat, Crocus Shirt, white Kersey Jacket and Breeches, Country Shoes, grey Yarn Stockings, and has a Bunch of yellow Wool at the Back of his Head. It is supposed they have stole the following Horses…..whoever secures said Servants, so that they may be had again, shall have Five Pounds reward for each or either of them, and Forty Shillings for each or either of the Horses and reasonable Charges, if brought home. JAMES FRANKLIN

Further information demonstrating the use both skilled and unskilled enslaved workers at the iron works and other related businesses on the grounds can be found in the inventory of Margaret Carroll’s estate dated March 21, 1817 which lists the enslaved individuals at the furnace and at the forge.

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